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Lithuania

Lithuania

Lithuania is the southernmost of the three Baltic States – and the largest and most populous of them. The country is predominantly flat, with a few low hills in the western uplands and eastern highlands. Forests cover just over 30% of the country. 

The most important sectors of Lithuania’s economy in 2014 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (32.7 %), industry (23.6 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (13.9 %).

Lithuania’s main export partners are Russia, Latvia and Poland while its main import partners are Russia, Germany and Poland.

Capital: Vilnius

Geographical size: 65 300 km2

Population: 2 943 472 (2014)

Population as % of total EU population: 0.6 % (2014)

GDP: € 34.631 billion (2013)

Official EU language(s): Lithuanian

Political system: parliamentary republic

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Seats in the European Parliament: 11

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 2015

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Presidency of the Council: Lithuania has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2013. 

Lithuania in the EU

European Parliament

There are 11 members of the European Parliament from Lithuania. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Lithuania lietuvių kalba  

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Lithuanian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Lithuanian presidencies:

Jul-Dec 2013

More on the current presidency of the Council of the EU.

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by Lithuania to the European Commission is Vytenis Andriukaitis, who is responsible for Health and Food Safety.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in Lithuania lietuvių kalba

European Economic & Social Committee

Lithuania has 9 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

Committee of the Regions

Lithuania has 9 representatives on the Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Lithuania also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Lithuania's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Lithuania contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.

Breakdown of Lithuania’s finances with the EU in 2013:

  • Total EU spending in Lithuania – € 1.881 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Lithuanian GNI – 5.64 %
  • Total Lithuanian contribution to the EU budget – € 0.349 million
  • Lithuanian contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI – 1.05 %

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Lithuania

The money paid into the EU budget by Lithuania helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how Lithuania benefits from EU funding.

Practical information