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Hungary

Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe, which borders with no fewer than seven countries: Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. The country is mostly flat, with low mountains in the north. 

The most important sectors of Hungary’s economy in 2012 were industry (26.8%), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.6 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (17.3 %).

Hungary’s main export partners are Germany, Slovakia and Romania while its main import partners are Germany, Russia and China.

Capital: Budapest

Geographical size: 93 023.7 km2

Population: 9 931 925 (2012)

Population as % of total EU population: 2.0 % (2012)

GDP: € 96.968 billion (2012)

Official EU language(s): Hungarian

Political system: parliamentary republic

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Seats in the European Parliament: 21

Currency: Hungarian Forint HUF

Passport-free travel? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007

Presidency of the Council: Hungary has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011.

Hungary in the EU

European Parliament

There are 21 members of the European Parliament from Hungary. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Hungary magyar

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Hungarian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Hungarian presidencies:

Jan-Jun 2011

More on the current presidency of the Council of the EU

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by Hungary to the European Commission is Tibor Navracsics, who is responsible for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in Hungary

European Economic & Social Committee

Hungary has 12 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

Committee of the Regions

Hungary has 12 representatives on the Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Hungary also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Hungary's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Hungary contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole. 

Breakdown of Hungary’s finances with the EU in 2012: 

  • Total EU spending in Hungary – € 4.177 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Hungarian GNI – 4.57 %
  • Total Hungarian contribution to the EU budget – € 831.6 million
  • Hungarian contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI – 0.91 % 

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Hungary 

The money paid into the EU budget by Hungary helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how Hungary benefits from EU funding.

Practical information