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EU member countries

The EU was not always as big as it is today. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated.

Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The union reached its current size of 28 member countries with the accession of Croatia on 1 July 2013.

Austria

Year of EU entry: 1995

Capital city: Vienna

Total area: 83 870 km²

Population: 8.3 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1995

Read more about Austria

Belgium

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Brussels

Total area: 30 528 km²

Population: 10.7 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

Read more about Belgium

Bulgaria

Year of EU entry: 2007

Capital city: Sofia

Total area: 111 910 km²

Population: 7.6 million

Currency: lev (лв)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Bulgaria

Croatia

Year of EU entry: 2013

Capital city: Zagreb

Total area: 56 594 km²

Population: 4 398 150

Currency: kuna

Schengen area: Croatia is expected to join the Schengen area by 2015

Read more about Croatia

Cyprus

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Nicosia

Total area: 9 250 km²

Population: 0.8 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2008 (€)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Cyprus

Czech Republic

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Prague

Total area: 78 866 km²

Population: 10.5 million

Currency: Czech koruna (Kč)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Czech Republic

Denmark

Year of EU entry: 1973

Capital city: Copenhagen

Total area: 43 094 km²

Population: 5.5 million

Currency: Danish krone (kr.)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

Read more about Denmark

Estonia

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Tallinn

Total area: 45 000 km²

Population: 1.3 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2011 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Estonia

Finland

Year of EU entry: 1995

Capital city: Helsinki

Total area: 338 000 km²

Population: 5.3 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

Read more about Finland

France

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Paris

Total area: 550 000 km²

Population: 64.3 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

Read more about France

Germany

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Berlin

Total area: 356 854 km²

Population: 82 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

Read more about Germany

Greece

Year of EU entry: 1981

Capital city: Athens

Total area: 131 957 km²

Population: 11.2 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2001 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1992

Read more about Greece

Hungary

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Budapest

Total area: 93 000 km²

Population: 10 million

Currency: forint (Ft)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Hungary

Ireland

Year of EU entry: 1973

Capital city: Dublin

Total area: 70 000 km²

Population: 4.5 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Ireland

Italy

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Rome

Total area: 301 263 km²

Population: 60 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1990

Read more about Italy

Latvia

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Riga

Total area: 65 000 km²

Population: 2.3 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2014 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Latvia

Lithuania

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Vilnius

Total area: 65 000 km²

Population: 3.3 million

Currency: litas (Lt)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Lithuania

Luxembourg

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Luxembourg

Total area: 2 586 km²

Population: 0.5 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

Read more about Luxembourg

Malta

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Valletta

Total area: 316 km²

Population: 0.4 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2008 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Malta

Netherlands

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Amsterdam

Total area: 41 526 km²

Population: 16.4 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

Read more about the Netherlands

Poland

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Warsaw

Total area: 312 679 km²

Population: 38.1 million

Currency: Zloty (zł)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Poland

Portugal

Year of EU entry: 1986

Capital city: Lisbon

Total area: 92 072 km²

Population: 10.6 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1991

Read more about Portugal

Romania

Year of EU entry: 2007

Capital city: Bucharest

Total area: 237 500 km²

Population: 21.5 million

Currency: Romanian leu

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Romania

Slovakia

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Bratislava

Total area: 48 845 km²

Population: 5.4 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2009 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Slovakia

Slovenia

Year of EU entry: 2004

Capital city: Ljubljana

Total area: 20 273 km²

Population: 2 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2007 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

Read more about Slovenia

Spain

Year of EU entry: 1986

Capital city: Madrid

Total area: 504 782 km²

Population: 45.8 million

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1991

Read more about Spain

Sweden

Year of EU entry: 1995

Capital city: Stockholm

Total area: 449 964 km²

Population: 9.2 million

Currency: krona (kr)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

Read more about Sweden

United Kingdom

Year of EU entry: 1973

Capital city: London

Total area: 244 820 km²

Population: 61.7 million

Currency: pound sterling (£)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about the United Kingdom

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