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EU member countries

The EU was not always as big as it is today. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated.

Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The union reached its current size of 28 member countries with the accession of Croatia on 1 July 2013.

Austria

EU member country since: 1 January 1995

Capital: Vienna

Geographical size: 83 879.0 km²

Population: 8 507 786 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 1 December 2007.

Read more about Austria

Belgium

EU member state since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Brussels

Geographical size: 30 528.0 km2

Population: 11 203 992 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about Belgium

Bulgaria

EU member state since: 1 January 2007

Capital: Sofia

Geographical size: 110 899.7 km²

Population: 7 245 677 (2014)

Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN

Schengen area member? No, Bulgaria is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about Bulgaria

Croatia

EU member country since: 1 July 2013

Capital: Zagreb

Geographical size: 56 594.0 km2

Population: 4 246 700 (2014)

Currency: Croatian Kuna HRK

Schengen area member? No, Croatia is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about Croatia

Cyprus

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Nicosia

Geographical size: 9251.0 km²

Population: 858 000 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 2008

Schengen area member? No, Cyprus is not a member a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about Cyprus

Czech Republic

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Prague

Geographical size: 78 866.2 km²

Population: 10 512 419 (2014)

Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Czech Republic

Denmark

EU member state since: 1 January 1973

Capital: Copenhagen

Geographical size: 42 915.7 km²

Population: 5 627 235 (2014)

Currency: Danish krone DKK

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 25 March 2001.

Read more about Denmark

Estonia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Tallinn

Geographical size: 45 227.0 km2

Population: 1 315 819 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 2011

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Estonia

Finland

EU member country since: 1 January 1995

Capital: Helsinki

Geographical size: 338 434.7 km2

Population: 5 451 270 (2014)

Currency:  Eurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member?: Yes, Schengen Area member since 25 March 2001.

Read more about Finland

France

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Paris

Geographical size: 632 833.6 km2

Population: 65 856 609 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about France

Germany

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Berlin

Geographical size: 357 137.2 km2

Population: 80 780 000 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about Germany

Greece

EU member country since: 1 January 1981

Capital: Athens

Geographical size: 131 957 km²

Population: 10 992 589 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 2001

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 1 January 2000.

Read more about Greece

Hungary

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Budapest

Geographical size: 93 023.7 km2

Population: 9 879 000 (2014)

Currency: Hungarian Forint HUF

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Hungary

Ireland

EU member country since: 1 January 1973

Capital: Dublin

Geographical size: 69 797 km2

Population: 4 604 029 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since: 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? No, Ireland is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about Ireland

Italy

EU member state since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Rome

Geographical size: 301 336 km2

Population: 60 782 668 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 October 1997

Read more about Italy

Latvia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Riga

Geographical size: 64 562 km2

Population: 2 001 468 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 2014

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Latvia

Lithuania

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Vilnius

Geographical size: 65 300 km2

Population: 2 943 472 (2014)

Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2015 (€)

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Lithuania

Luxembourg

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Luxembourg

Geographical size: 2586 km2

Population: 549 680 (2014)

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about Luxembourg

Malta

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Valletta

Geographical size: 316 km2

Population: 425 384 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 2008

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Malta

The Netherlands

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Amsterdam

Geographical size: 41 540.4 km²

Population: 16 829 289 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about the Netherlands

Poland

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Warsaw

Geographical size: 312 679 km2

Population: 38 495 659 (2014)

Currency: Polish Złoty PLN

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Poland

Portugal

EU member country since: 1 January 1986

Capital: Lisbon

Geographical size: 92 211.9 km2

Population: 10 427 301 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about Portugal

Romania

EU member country since: 1 January 2007

Capital: Bucharest

Geographical size: 238 390.7 km2

Population: 19 942 642 (2014)

Currency: Romanian Leu RON

Schengen area member? No, Romania is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about Romania

Slovakia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Bratislava

Geographical size: 49 036 km2

Population: 5 415 949 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 2009

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Slovakia

Slovenia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Ljubljana

Geographical size: 20 273 km2

Population: 2 061 085 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 2007

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007.

Read more about Slovenia

Spain

EU member country since: 1 January 1986

Capital: Madrid

Geographical size: 505 990.7 km2

Population: 46 507 760 (2014)

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

Read more about Spain

Sweden

EU member country since: 1 January 1995

Capital: Stockholm

Geographical size: 438 575.8 km2

Population: 9 644 864 (2014)

Currency: Swedish krona SEK

Schengen area member? Yes, Schengen Area member since 25 March 2001.

Read more about Sweden

United Kingdom

EU member country since: 1 January 1973

Capital: London

Geographical size: 248 527.8 km²

Population: 64 308 261 (2014)

Currency: pound sterling GBP

Schengen area member? No, the UK is not a member of the Schengen Area.

Read more about the United Kingdom

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