Capital city: Podgorica
Total area: 14 026 km²
Population: 0.6 million
Currency: euro (€)
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen
Montenegro is one of Europe’s newest countries, created in 2006.
Evidence of the country’s rich heritage remains highly visible today – from the many well-preserved old towns to the religious monuments and national cuisine.
While still relatively unknown as a tourist destination, it is gaining rapidly in popularity having become a recent entry in several respected lists of ‘places to see’.
The name ‘Montenegro’, meaning ‘black mountain’, is likely to have come from the thick black forests that covered Mount Lovćen in medieval times. These may now be less dense, but for such a small country, Montenegro is home to a surprisingly varied collection of natural attractions. Around half of the country is still covered by forest, while visitors and locals alike also enjoy the Adriatic coastline, lowlands and high mountain ranges. The Tara River canyon is also the deepest and longest in Europe, and the second-longest in the world.
Tourism plays an important role in the Montenegrin economy, but it is the service sector in general that accounts for the largest part of GDP. The remainder comes largely from industry (aluminium and steel production) and agriculture.