Eurojust is a European Union body established in 2002 to stimulate and improve the co-ordination of investigations and prosecutions among the competent judicial authorities of the European Union Member States when they deal with serious cross-border and organised crime.
In the context of investigations and prosecutions concerning two or more Member States, Eurojust's goal is to stimulate and improve the co-ordination between the national authorities, taking into account any request emanating from a competent authority of a Member State and any information provided by any body competent by virtue of provisions adopted within the framework of the Treaties (European Judicial Network, Europol, and OLAF).
Another of Eurojust's objectives is to improve co-operation between the competent authorities, in particular by facilitating the execution of international mutual legal assistance and the implementation of European Arrest Warrants.
Eurojust also supports the competent authorities in order to improve the effectiveness of investigations and prosecutions.
Eurojust can assist investigations and prosecutions between a Member State and a non-Member State or a Member State and the Commission regarding criminal offences affecting the European Community's financial interests.
Eurojust enhances the efficiency of the national investigating and prosecuting authorities when dealing with serious cross-border and organised crime, e.g. terrorism, trafficking in human beings, drug trafficking, fraud, and money laundering, in order to bring criminals quickly and effectively to justice.
Eurojust fulfils its tasks through its National Members or as a College.
Eurojust has the power to ask the competent national authorities to undertake an investigation or prosecution of specific acts; to accept that one of them may be in a better position to undertake an investigation or to prosecute specific acts; to co-ordinate between the competent authorities; to set up a joint investigation team; or to provide any information necessary to carry out its tasks.
Eurojust ensures the information exchange between the competent authorities and assists them in providing the best possible co-ordination and co-operation. Eurojust also co-operates with the European Judicial Network, Europol, and OLAF. Eurojust offers logistical support and may organise and facilitate co-ordination meetings between the judicial authorities and police authorities of the different states to help resolve legal issues and practical problems.
Eurojust is composed of 28 National Members, one from each EU Member State. National Members are seconded in accordance with their respective legal systems and hold permanent seats in The Hague. The National Members are senior, experienced prosecutors, judges, or police officers of equivalent competence. Some National Members are supported by Deputies, Assistants or Seconded National Experts.
The College of Eurojust elected José Luís Lopes da Mota, the National Member for Portugal, as President. The National Member for Belgium, Michèle Coninsx, and the National Member for Estonia, Raivo Sepp, were elected as Vice-Presidents.
The National Members and the College are supported by an administration led by the Administrative Director. The administration is composed of units and services: Budget & Finance, College Secretariat, Data Protection Officer, Human Resources, Information Management, Legal Service, Press & PR, and Security, Facility Management, General Services & Events.
The Secretariat of the European Judicial Network (EJN) is situated within the Eurojust administration, functioning as a separate and autonomous unit.
Eurojust was established by Council Decision of 28 February 2002 setting up Eurojust with a view to reinforcing the fight against serious crime ( OJ L 63, 06.03.2002).
Michèle Coninsx, President
Klaus Rackwitz, Administrative director