Agencies and other EU bodies
The EU's agencies and decentralised bodies can be grouped into several categories.
Decentralised agencies and bodies
There are more than 30 agencies in different EU countries. They have an important role in implementing EU policies, especially tasks of a technical, scientific, operational and/or regulatory nature.
EURATOM agencies and bodies
These bodies are created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (EURATOM). The purpose of the Treaty is to coordinate the Member States' research programmes for the peaceful use of nuclear energy, to provide knowledge, infrastructure and funding of nuclear energy and to ensure sufficiency and security of atomic energy supply.
Executive agencies are organisations established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more Community programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period. Their location has to be at the seat of the European Commission (Brussels or Luxembourg).
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) is an independent, decentralised EU body which pools the best scientific, business and education resources to boost the Union's innovation capacity.